Higher Education Institutions

The Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) in Poland are categorized into two primary groups: state (public) and private (non-public) institutions. These are further classified into two main categories: academic and vocational institutions.

In the academic category, institutions are authorized to offer at least one scientific or artistic discipline and have the authority to confer scientific categories A+, A, or B+. Academic institutions conduct both first-cycle (bachelor’s degree) and second-cycle (master’s degree) studies, along with long-cycle studies. Additionally, they may provide education for doctoral students pursuing a PhD.

On the other hand, vocational education institutions do not have the same conditions as academic institutions. They primarily focus on practical education. Vocational-type institutions offer both first- and second-cycle studies, as well as long-cycle studies.

All types of HEIs in Poland are subject to oversight by the Polish Accreditation Committee, an independent institution dedicated to ensuring and enhancing the quality of education.

Public And Private Universities In Poland

Poland boasts approximately 457 universities and colleges with around 2 million enrolled students. These include 131 publicly funded and 326 privately owned institutions. Universities are categorized based on their legal standing and degree of accreditation, with 40 publicly funded and 2 privately funded universities awarding doctoral degrees in at least 10 different fields of study.

Are Part-Time Jobs Allowed While Studying?

International students studying full-time in Poland are permitted to work part-time without the need for work authorization. However, finding part-time work may be challenging, especially without proficiency in Polish or English. Considerations include the difficulty of finding jobs and obtaining a residence permit before entering into employment contracts.

Staying In Poland After Studies

Foreign students can stay in Poland after graduation, and post-study visas can be obtained by applying for a long-term visa at the Polish embassy. The visa can be extended locally after its initial one-year validity period, allowing students to stay and seek employment. Part-time work is allowed during studies without a specific work permit, and full-time work is permitted during school breaks.

Types Of Part-Time Jobs Available In Poland

Consider exploring the following part-time job options in Poland:

  1. Summer Jobs: Seasonal employment opportunities in hotels, bars, and restaurants, especially during the summer tourist season.
  2. Teaching Jobs: For those with a bachelor's degree and a teaching credential, opportunities exist to work as private tutors or in established schools.
  3. Internships: Gain practical experience through internships, which can be found on job boards or by directly contacting organizations.

Enrolling in a University in Poland

Poland boasts a rich tradition of higher education dating back nearly eight centuries, with over 400 institutions offering a diverse range of study programs, many of which are now available in English.

The Jagiellonian University in Cracow holds the distinction of being Poland's oldest university, established in 1364. It counts renowned figures like astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus, Pope John Paul II, and two Nobel laureates among its alumni. Meanwhile, the University of Warsaw, founded in 1816, stands as Poland's largest university and has produced notable graduates such as Israel’s first Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion and celebrated composer Frédéric Chopin.

Poland's higher education system is particularly recognized for its specialized technical institutions, annually educating tens of thousands of specialists in fields like engineering and computer science. Institutions like the Warsaw University of Technology and AGH University of Science and Technology enjoy outstanding international rankings, providing numerous quality options.

For those pursuing a medical degree, Poland's medical schools are esteemed for their world-class education, with institutions like the Medical University of Silesia and the Medical University of Warsaw consistently ranking among the best.

Universities in Poland: A Comprehensive Guide

Poland, known for its rich history, vibrant culture, and remarkable academic heritage, has emerged as an increasingly popular destination for higher education. With a blend of traditional academic values and modern facilities, Polish universities offer a diverse range of programs, attracting students from around the world. In this guide, we'll explore the top 20 public and private universities in Poland, their world rankings, education structure, and other relevant details.

Public Universities in Poland

1. University of Warsaw

  • Overview: University of Warsaw is the largest and highest-ranked university in Poland, offering a wide array of programs across various disciplines.
  • Education Structure: The university follows a traditional academic structure with undergraduate, graduate, and doctoral programs.

2. Jagiellonian University

  • Overview: Established in 1364, Jagiellonian University is one of the oldest universities in Europe, renowned for its academic excellence.
  • Education Structure: The university offers undergraduate, graduate, and doctoral programs in humanities, social sciences, natural sciences, and more.

3. Warsaw University of Technology

  • Overview: Warsaw University of Technology is a leading technical university in Poland, known for its innovative research and engineering programs.
  • Education Structure: The university offers undergraduate and graduate programs in engineering, technology, and related fields.

Private Universities in Poland

1. Kozminski University

  • Overview: Kozminski University is a renowned private institution offering programs in business, management, finance, and law.
  • Education Structure: The university follows a modern educational approach with undergraduate, graduate, and doctoral programs.

2. SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities

  • Overview: SWPS University is dedicated to social sciences and humanities, offering interdisciplinary programs and research opportunities.
  • Education Structure: The university offers undergraduate and graduate programs with a focus on social sciences, psychology, and cultural studies.

3. Warsaw School of Economics

  • Overview: Warsaw School of Economics is a leading institution in economics and business studies, known for its rigorous academic standards.
  • Education Structure: The university offers undergraduate, graduate, and doctoral programs in economics, finance, and management.

Education Structure in Poland

Undergraduate Programs

  • Undergraduate programs typically last three to four years and lead to a bachelor's degree (licencjat or inżynier).
  • Students can choose from a wide range of disciplines, including humanities, natural sciences, social sciences, engineering, and business.

Graduate Programs

  • Graduate programs typically last two years and lead to a master's degree (magister). Some technical fields may offer an engineer's degree (inżynier).
  • Graduate programs focus on advanced coursework, research, and specialization within a chosen field.

Doctoral Programs

  • Doctoral programs usually last three to four years and lead to a Ph.D. (doktor) or equivalent degree.
  • Doctoral candidates engage in original research under the supervision of faculty members and contribute to the advancement of knowledge in their respective fields.


Polish universities offer a diverse and dynamic educational experience, combining academic rigor with practical learning opportunities. Whether you're interested in humanities, engineering, business, or social sciences, Poland's top universities provide a supportive environment for intellectual growth and personal development. Consider exploring the rich educational landscape of Poland and embark on a transformative journey towards academic excellence.

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